The poultry farm is considered to be the fastest-growing division of the agriculture sector. The government has been making extensive investments in the processing, breeding, rearing, and hatching processes to further boost growth. Around 3 million farmers and 15 million agrarian farmers are working in the poultry industry and have helped in the contribution of approximately Rs. 26,000 Crs to the national income.

To start a poultry business, it is recommended for business owners to create a business plan. Below mentioned are the steps to start a Poultry business:

9 Steps to Start Your Own Poultry Business

Follow the below steps to start your own poultry business in India:

Step 1: Learn Poultry Farming: The very first step to take in starting a poultry farm is to have some basic training. Do not rush to operate the poultry farm business without proper training from a dependable farming institution. Know that it is a delicate business as you are dealing with living birds.

Step 2. Have A Business Plan

Make sure you have a poultry farm business plan well in advance to run your poultry farm. The plan should include a broader picture of what shape the business will take in the next 3-5 years.

Step 3: Finalise the poultry sector: The first task is the decision of finalizing the sector to cater to, such as chicken breeding, broilers, poultry feed, egg and meat processing, etc.

Step 4: Choosing the birds: Choose two types of bird broilers that are used for meat processing and layers that are used for egg production.

Step 5: Finalizing the location: Finalize the location of the farmland from where the business will be operated and managed.

Step 6: Naming the business: Name registration or company establishment as per state laws.

Step 7: Arranging funds: Credit requirements to meet the working capital requirements like buying equipment and machinery, purchase of raw materials, paying-off salaries, managing cash flow, etc.

Step 8: Marketing and Advertising: Even the business plan should contain details of marketing and advertising strategies.

Step 9: Finding the target audience that includes wholesale markets, retailers, business owners, shop vendors, etc.

Funding Required

The amount of money required to start a small-scale poultry farm is generally between Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 1.5 lakh. For a medium-scale poultry business, the funds required are approximately between Rs. 1.5 lakh to Rs. 3.5 lakh. Large scale poultry farm can be started with an investment of close to Rs. 7 lakh. To meet these requirements business owners can opt for business loans from various financial institutions like banks and NBFCs and start their own poultry business. Opting for a business loan is considered to be a wise decision, as it helps business owners in making business investments without utilizing their lifetime savings.

Banks offering Loans for Poultry Farming

Leading banks offering Poultry Farming business loans include the following:

  • SBI
  • HDFC Bank
  • Punjab National Bank
  • IDBI Bank
  • Federal Bank
  • Karur Vysya Bank
  • Canara Bank
  • Bank of India and several other financial institutions.

Apply for a Business Loan to Start your own Poultry Farming Business

To apply for business loans for poultry farming, firstly check your eligibility criteria defined by the respective bank that you prefer to apply for a loan.

Secondly, fill in the loan application form along with basic documents after checking and comparing all the available loan options, as per business requirements.

The basic details shall be the required loan amount, business tenure, annual turnover, and current city. Further, the loan formalities shall be performed by the bank’s representative.

After the loan is approved the loan amount shall get disbursed in your bank account in defined working days at the sole discretion of the lender.

Documents Required

Find below the information on documents required to start your own poultry farming business:

  • Duly filled application form along with Passport-sized photographs
  • Identity Proof: PAN and Aadhaar card
  • Company’s incorporation certificate
  • Business land documents
  • Business Licenses and permits, as per state laws
  • Last 12 months’ bank statement
  • Animal Care Standards to be furnished
  • Any other document required by the lender or bank

Equipment required

A list of equipment/machinery used and required for the Poultry Farming Business is further discussed:

  • Automatic feeder
  • Automatic vaccinator
  • Bell-type automatic waterer
  • Brooder and Chick guard
  • Charcoal and Kerosene stove
  • Circular feeder
  • Compressed air system
  • Electrical heaters (heating rods or coils)
  • Emergency standby electric plants
  • Fowlpox vaccinator/lancet
  • Gas and electrical brooders
  • Hatcher
  • Hatchery automation equipment
  • Hatching egg transfer machines
  • Hatching egg trays
  • Infra-red bulbs
  • Linear feeder
  • Linear waterer/Channel type waterers
  • Nest Boxes
  • Nipple and Manual drinker
  • Pan and Jar type
  • Reflectors/Hovers
  • Setter
  • Shell grit box
  • Syringes with needle/vaccine droppers
  • Water basin made of plastic/wood/GI with grill
  • Water heaters
  • Water softeners and filters

Benefits of Poultry Farming Business

Some of the key benefits of starting a poultry business are mentioned below:

  • Source of income generation
  • Increases employment opportunities
  • Requires small capital to initiate
  • Considered as a continuous source of income
  • Requires less water
  • Poultry products provide high nutrition
  • Poultry business reaches no profit no loss in lesser time
  • Two types of food items are produced – eggs and meat

Most profitable Poultry Farming

In the long run, Layers farming on a large scale will be more profitable and bring in more revenue than broiler farming as after laying eggs, the birds can be sold out as meat even though at a lesser price than that of broilers.

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